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Soonchunhyang Med Sci > Volume 26(2); 2020 > Article
Soonchunhyang Medical Science 2020;26(2): 80-85. doi: https://doi.org/10.15746/sms.20.020
Diffuse Intracranial Hemorrhages, Acute Peripheral Neuropathy, and Acute Kidney Injury in a Newly Diagnosed Diabetes Patient with Severe Diabetic Ketoacidosis: A Case Report and Literature Review
Yeon Ju Woo1, Hyun Sook Hong2, Soo Jeong Choi3, Young-Lim Shin1
1Department of Pediatrics Department of Internal Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon, Korea
2Department of Radiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon, Korea
3Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon, Korea
Corresponding Author: Young-Lim Shin ,Tel: +82-32-621-5407, Fax: +82-32-621-5016, Email: ylshin@schmc.ac.kr
Received: September 22, 2020;  Accepted: October 20, 2020.
ABSTRACT
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a common complication associated with pediatric type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM). Although cerebral edema is the major cause of death in DKA, there is a possibility of the occurrence of other dangerous complications involving multiple systems, thereby contributing to mortality and morbidity. Herein, we report the case of a 13-year-old girl with new-onset type 1 DM and severe DKA. Her condition was further complicated by the occurrence of diffuse intracranial hemorrhages, acute kidney injury requiring hemodialysis, and peripheral neuropathy. Patients with severe acidosis require careful monitoring of kidney function and neurological complications, and these conditions should be treated appropriately.
Key words: Diabetic ketoacidosis; Hemorrhage; Acute kidney injury; Peripheral nervous system diseases
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